JOHNSTON, IOWA
Pioneer Hi-Bred Int.

Atlas of duplicated sequences
-- Tim Helentjaris

It was noted early on in the development of maize molecular markers that RFLP probes commonly detected two or more unlinked loci in the genome (Helentjaris et al. Genetics 118:353-363, 1988). It became evident even in these studies that these duplications extended well beyond those segments represented by the probe sequences themselves, perhaps in some cases encompassing whole chromosome arms. I have recently scanned the maize literature to compile all of the relevant data on duplicated sequences and am including my most recent version of that table here.
It should be realized that the location of many of these duplications can only be approximated to a chromosomal bin, as denoted in the Missouri RFLP map, due to the many differing studies from which the data were extracted and the lack of suitable numbers of landmark loci in some of these. Nevertheless, it can be obviously seen from this table that earlier assumptions about the extent of shared regions of sequence similarity between maize chromosomes are not only confirmed but increased considerably. The following regions evidently share extensive similarity:
1S with 9L
1L with 5S
2S with 10L
2L with 7
3 with 8
4S with 10S?
4L with 5L
terminal segments of 6 with central regions of 8
central region of 6 with 9S
These relationships are not complete in that there are many loci which appear not to fit these general patterns. Aberrant loci located near the telomeric regions are often more than just duplicated and are found in both telomeric and centromeric regions of several chromosomes. Large clusters of aberrant loci are found in the centromeric regions of all chromosomes and seem to share similarity with many other chromosomes. These two results suggest that chromosome evolution primarily occurs by the breakage and reunion of chromosomes at either their centromeric or telomeric regions, with evidence of these past events still obviously evident as "relicts" in the centromeric regions. Aberrant loci in the interior regions of arms represent in some cases transposable sequences and in others duplication events that predate the general duplication of the maize genome (i.e. alcohol dehydrogenase or sucrose synthase). The basis for other aberrant loci in these regions is still not clear.
Examination of DNA sequences both within and around genes located in these duplicated regions demonstrates that only the transcribed and their immediately surrounding sequences have maintained enough similarity to still be recognizable as sharing a common origin. Sequences found outside expressed genes appear to have diverged rapidly and are unable to detect simple duplications elsewhere in the genome. Consequently one might predict that any "random" genomic probe which detects a duplication in maize essentially represents a genic sequence, as might have been expected from the hypomethylated origin of many such clones. Examination of this hypothesis by D. Grant and myself with RFLP probes confirms that DNA sequences from many probes, selected for their Pst-digestibility within genomic DNA, exhibit reasonable matches with genic entries in GenBank. Given the extensive nature of these duplicated regions in the maize genome, one should probably presume that any expressed sequence is duplicated elsewhere in the genome until proven otherwise. The utility of this supposition is especially appropriate when cloning any gene, whereby the investigator should examine the corresponding region of the genome for the presence of such a duplicate gene or mutation. In my examinations of many newly isolated sequences, I have often identified corresponding sequences within predictable duplication patterns, sometimes matching them with similar mutations. In most cases examined so far, both members of a duplication appear to still be expressed, with some instances of duplicate inheritance and others where the pattern of expression has diverged enough that distinctive mutations can now be observed by the interruption of either gene. Consequently the generation of these duplicate genes has obviously contributed to the overall development of maize as a species, and its implications should be considered by both maize geneticists and breeders in their research.

Dup Dup Dup Dup Dup Dup Dup Dup Dup Dup
BinMarkeron 1?on 2?on 3?on 4?on 5?on 6?on 7?on 8?on 9?on 10?
1.01bnl5.622.036.10- 6.119.04
1.01umc1643.078.09
1.01uaz2(gfu)1.09
1.01uaz260(rpl5)3.05
1.01umc949.09
1.01npi97,npi991.129.09
1.02npi5795.02- 5.03
1.02npi2099.07
1.02agr2949.06
1.02pds(vp5,etc.)9.04
1.02umc194(gpr)9.05
1.02npi404,npi4039.06
1.03umc82.05- 2.06
1.03uaz264(hsp)9.05- 9.06
1.03npi439,npi4407.05
1.03npi2411.14
1.03koln99.05- 9.06
1.03npi109,npi33 5,npi273,npi3582.063.047.04
1.03npi243,npi242,npi2442.05- 2.06
1.03agr929.05- 9.06
1.04npi428,npi4279.05- 9.06
1.04phyB9.05- 9.06
1.04bnl12.064.04-4 .05
1.04uaz304(hon)9.05- 9.06
1.04uaz266(nad)9.05- 9.06
1.04sod49.05- 9.06
1.04uaz248(his3)5.07
1.04agr1539.05- 9.06
1.05bnl7.219.05- 9.06
1.05npi205,npi30 1,npi332,npi102,npi626.077L8L
1.05uaz17(gfu)4.01
1.05uaz21(gfu)1.122.0010.01
1.05uaz331(tau)2.043.05
1.05uaz274(gfu)2.08
1.06obf1,29.04
1.07adpg2.083.094.03-4 .046.10- 6.118.0410.02
1.07npi96,npi95,npi3164.03-4 .04, 4.05-4 .065.117.02
1.07npi84,npi364.08
1.07ucsd612.113.024.05-4 .068.049.03, 9.09
1.08umc829.04
1.08uaz14(gfu)9.07- 9.08
1.08uaz249(rps27a)3.048.02, 8.10
1.08uaz285(tpase)5.068.04- 8.05
1.08ucsd723.065.07- 5.0810.00
1.09npi2243.046.057.01- 7.028.05, 8.09
1.09bnl5.025.04
1.09hm1,hm2?9.04
1.09amp5.07
1.09ncr(nr)4.03-4 .04
1.09umc234.03-4 .04
1.09npi246,npi245,npi3402S6.00
1.09uaz228(his2b)2.074.05-4 .0610.04
1.09uaz18(gfu)2.063.076.00
1.09uaz138(gfu)5.078.07- 8.08
1.09uaz20(gfu)7.01- 7.02
1.09uaz19(gfu)3.046.087.01- 7.02
1.09uaz2(gfu)1.01
1.09agr834.03
1.09npi441,npi387,npi3886.017.01
1.09uaz205(hsp)5.02- 5.03
1.09pcr2.005.047.01- 7.02
1.09umc503.03
1.10umc835.03- 5.04
1.10mdh4,mdh55.04
1.10csu71(cab)6.10
1.10csu64(tau)2.10
1.10umc184(glb1)2.05
1.10bnl8.108.01
1.10npi5695.02- 5.03
1.10agr2785.02- 5.03
1.10agr3625.02- 5.03
1.10agr2355.04
1.10umc275.03- 5.04
1.10rpa55.04
1.10agr2385.04
1.11umc1409.06
1.11uaz268(gfu)5.137.01- 7.02
1.11rpa65.02- 5.03
1.11umc1075.02- 5.03
1.11d8,d95.03
1.11uaz1675.02- 5.03
1.11phyA5.02- 5.03
1.11umc1065.02- 5.03
1.11adh1,adh24.02
1.11npi99,npi979.09
1.12npi225,npi986.02- 6.039.0910.04-1 0.05
1.12msc1,msc25.03
1.12csu137(MADS)5.02- 5.03
1.12uaz130(ptk)4.05-4 .065.02- 5.03
1.12umc725.02- 5.03
1.12npi357,npi282(phyC)5.02- 5.03
1.12npi5815.02- 5.03
1.12pgm1,pgm25.02- 5.03
1.12umc665.04
1.12umc1475.01- 5.02
1.12bnl17.185.02- 5.03
1.12uaz166(gfu)5.02- 5.03
1.12uaz21(gfu)1.052.0010.01
1.12npi75,npi2265.01
1.12rpa75.01
1.13bnl8.083.054.076.088.019.05- 9.06
1.14bnl8.295.01
1.14ucsd445.01
1.14npi2411.03
1.14npi82,npi322.11
1.14bm2,bm15.06
1.14agr1035.00
1.14agr6695.00
1.15flp6(RNAb)5.11- 5.126.09
1.15csu7(gfu)7.01- 7.02
1.16npi361,npi294,npi3592.03, 2.10-2.114.00, 4.11-4.126.02- 6.037.01- 7.028.0410.05-1 0.06
2.00php2056810.00
2.00pcr1.095.047.01- 7.02
2.00npi41710.04
2.00uaz21(gfu)1.05, 1.1210.01
2.01npi25410.08
2.01uaz24(gfu)10.04
2.01npi35010.08
2.01-2. 02npi57710.08
2.02-2. 03umc538.08
2.02-2. 03npi42110.08
2.02-2. 03npi29010.08
2.02-2. 03uaz49(zp19/22)4.00
2.02-2. 03uaz113(aaa)10.08
2.02-2. 03uaz318(rnb)10.08
2.02-2. 03uaz288(gfu)3.05
2.02-2. 03uaz251(rps11)3.076.088.02- 8.0310.05-1 0.07
2.02-2. 03npi320,npi32110.08
2.02-2. 03npi294,npi359,npi3611.162.10- 2.114.00, 4.126.02- 6.037.01- 7.028.0410.05-1 0.06
2.03bnl5.621.016.10- 6.119.05- 6
2.03agr16810.08
2.04mpik47.01- 7.02
2.04umc4410.08
2.04npi287,npi43610.08
2.04agr11310.08
2.04csu12(Cin4)4.05-4 .0610.01
2.04uaz106(gfu)6.02- 6.03
2.04uaz331(tau)1.05- 1.063.05
2.04tpi2.083.035.11- 5.127.04- 58.02-8.03, 8.09
2.04uaz27(gfu)7.01- 7.02
2.04b,r10.08
2.04npi26910.08
2.04agr16710.08
2.04bnl1.458.04
2.05bnl10.426.02- 6.03
2.05uaz295(orf)3.035.07
2.05umc1346.10- 6.11
2.05umc81.032.06
2.05npi242,npi243,npi2441.032.06
2.05uaz344(est)7.01- 7.02
2.05mn1,invertase7.01- 7.02
2.05umc184(glb)1.10
2.05gf14-1210.05-1 0.06
2.05csu6(gfu)10.04
2.05oec4.00, 4.05-4 .065.02- 5.036.02- 6.037.03
2.06npi242,npi243,npi2441.032.05
2.06uaz236(strs)9.04
2.06uaz49(zp19/22)4.01
2.06umc2?3.10
2.06ssu4.08
2.06ucsd1417.01- 7.02
2.06npi11,npi3174.00
2.06uaz265(sbe)6.02- 6.03
2.06agr21610.08
2.06npi340,npi245,npi2461.096.00
2.06umc81.032.056.00
2.06uaz25(MCP)5.02- 5.038.02- 8.03
2.06uaz28(gfu)7.01- 2
2.06uaz18(gfu)1.093.07
2.06npi273,npi10 9,npi335,npi3581.033.047.04
2.06npi49,npi447.01- 7.02
2.06-2. 07umc554.02
2.06-2. 07uaz297(zpl17)6.068.03
2.06-2. 07ask2,ask17.01
2.07npi405,npi2777.02- 7.03
2.07npi4,npi57.04
2.07g-zein7.02
2.07adpg1.073.094.03-4 .046.10- 6.118.0410.02
2.07uaz269(kri)6.01, 6.108.01
2.07uaz228(his2b)1.094.05-4 .0610.04
2.07-2. 08umc57.03
2.08umc987.03
2.08alr1,alr27.03
2.08npi123,npi477.02- 7.03
2.08tpi2.043.045.11- 5.127.04- 7.058.02- 8.03
2.08npi337,npi457.06
2.08npi221,npi2167.02- 7.03
2.08npi(a1)3.095.11- 5.127.02- 7.038.06- 8.07
2.08uaz31(gfu)7.049.07- 9.08
2.08uaz274(est)1.05
2.08agr3337.04
2.08agr2677.05
2.08-2. 09umc48.11
2.09php205697.04
2.09uaz23(gfu)6.01
2.09umc1257.04
2.09bnl5.217.04
2.09bnl5.617.04- 7.05
2.09umc1376.07
2.09npi4137.05
2.09npi46,npi357.05
2.09uaz241(orf)7.05
2.09uaz315(tua)7.04
2.09npi118,npi1137.05
2.09agr1117.05
2.09bnl8.217.05
2.09umc314.01-4 .02
2.09umc1506.078.04
2.09umc362.10- 2.11
2.09npi2787.05
2.09npi210,npi597.05- 7.06
2.10whp1,c24.08
2.10uaz298(pdsI)4.02
2.10csu64(tau)1.10
2.10uaz33(gfu)4.05-4 .06
2.10csu166(gfu)4.05-4 .06
2.10-2. 11npi3611.162.034.00, 4.11-4.126.02- 6.037.01- 7.028.0410.05-1 0.06
2.10-2. 11umc362.09
2.11php205817.00
2.11npi4007.00- 7.01
2.11npi32,npi821.14
2.11ucsd1067.00
2.11ucsd611.073.024.05-4 .068.049.03, 9.09
3.00-3. 01umc328.03- 8.04
3.00-3. 01npi2241.093.046.057.01- 7.028.05, 8.09
3.00-3. 01agr1168.04
3.02ucsd611.072.114.05-4 .068.049.03, 9.09
3.02-3. 03me1,me26.06
3.02-3. 03hex1,hex26.06
3.03npi249,npi341,npi3602.005.00
3.03npi219,npi2188.01
3.03uaz164(gfu)3.085.078.06
3.03uaz295(orf)2.055.07
3.03umc501.09
3.03npi364,npi2768.03
3.03tpi2.04, 2.085.11- 5.127.04- 7.058.02-8.03, 8.09
3.03npi3987.008.00
3.03npi2208.00- 8.01
3.03mpik353.048.03
3.03-3. 04npi89,npi149.04- 9.06
3.04umc424.04-4 .05
3.04npi379,npi37810.04
3.04uaz339(glu)10.04
3.04bnl13.058.01, 8.03
3.04uaz19(gfu)1.096.087.01- 7.02
3.04uaz300(mtl)6.01
3.04uaz249(rps27a)1.088.02-8.03, 8.10
3.04lg3,lg4?8.06
3.04npi202,npi1148.01
3.04mpik323.05
3.04mpik353.038.03
3.04npi70,npi698.09
3.04npi358,npi33 5,npi273,npi1091.032.067.04
3.05umc1810.04
3.05uaz331(tau)1.05- 1.062.04
3.05bnl8.081.134.076.088.019.05-9. 06
3.05zag2,zag16.06
3.05uaz288(gfu)2.02- 2.03
3.05pgd1,pgd26.01
3.05ucsd817.01- 7.0210.04
3.05mpik323.04
3.05uaz189(rpl5)1.01
3.05npi108,npi2048.08
3.06agr5148.05
3.06npi52,npi3088.00
3.06agr1848.07- 8.08
3.06sdw2,sdw1?8.05
3.06umc1658.04
3.06agr2748.08
3.06bnl10.248.08
3.06ucsd721.083.065.07- 5.0810.00
3.07umc474.05
3.07umc1641.00
3.07npi3288.08- 8.09
3.07obf38.10
3.07uaz38(gfu)4.01
3.07uaz218(strs)4.05-4 .06
3.07bif2,bif1?8.03
3.07uaz251(rps11)2.02- 2.036.088.02- 8.0310.05-1 0.07
3.07uaz18(gfu)1.092.066.00
3.07umc38.11
3.07umc398.11
3.07npi2128.11
3.07agr508.06
3.07agr1448.08
3.07uaz176(gfu)8.07- 8.08
3.07-3. 08umc154.08
3.08npi201,npi38.05
3.08umc1038.02
3.08uaz243(atp)6.088.02- 8.03
3.08npi3828.00
3.08mdh3,mdh2,mdh16.108.03- 8.04
3.08uaz164(gfu)3.035.078.06
3.09cab7.058.05
3.09bnl12.308.06
3.09npi(a1)2.085.11- 5.127.02- 7.038.06- 8.07
3.09sh2,bt24.04
3.09pog16.018.06
3.09agr5688.04
3.10umc22.06
3.10csu364.05-4 .085.05
3.10npi425,npi4268.07- 8.08
3.10uaz117(gfu)7.0410.04
3.10agr4310.00
3.10uaz309(cht)10.00
3Luaz161(eif)4.08-4 .126.02- 6.039.04
4.00oec2.054.05-4 .067.03
4.00rp4,rp1,rp5,rp6,rp910.01
4.00uaz49(zp19/22)2.02- 2.03
4.00npi361,npi294,npi3591.162.03, 2.10-2.114.11-4 .126.02- 6.037.01- 7.028.0410.05-1 0.06
4.00-4. 01zpl1(zp19/22)2.064.07
4.00uaz280(pps)9.07
4.01bnl17.134.03-4 .047.01-7.02
4.01npi60410.08
4.01uaz38(gfu)3.06
4.01uaz65(gfu)4.08
4.01uaz68(gfu)7.01- 7.02
4.01uaz17(gfu)1.05
4.01uaz69(gfu)4.03-4 .04
4.01uaz70(gfu)5.07
4.01-4. 02umc312.09
4.01-4. 02umc872.00
4.01-4. 02umc552.06- 2.07
4.02uaz298(pdsI)2.10
4.02adh1,adh21.11- 1.12
4.03agr831.09
4.03-4. 04npi316,npi95,npi964.05-4 .067.02- 7.03
4.03-4. 04npi6,npi76.00
4.03-4. 04npi383,npi3845.04- 5.05
4.03-4. 04bnl17.134.017.01- 7.02
4.03-4. 04zpl27.01- 7.02
4.03-4. 04uaz69(gfu)4.01
4.03-4. 04mpik114.04-4 .056.019.03
4.03-4. 04uaz310(gbp)6.00
4.03-4. 04bt2,sh23.09
4.03-4. 04ncr(nr)1.095.07
4.03-4. 04uaz71(gfu)5.11- 5.12
4.03-4. 04gapd5.0710.05-1 0.06
4.03-4. 04mpik128.039.0210.00
4.03-4. 04orp1,orp27.01- 7.0210.05-1 0.06
4.03-4. 04als5.07
4.03-4. 04umc231.09
4.04-4. 05umc423.04
4.04-4. 05csu12(Cin4)2.0410.01
4.04-4. 05npi95,npi96,npi3161.054.03-4 .04
4.04-4. 05npi5946.01
4.04-4. 05bnl12.061.04
4.04-4. 05npi367,npi302.007.02- 7.03
4.04-4. 05umc473.07
4.04-4. 05npi394,npi3957.03
4.04-4. 05lw4,lw5?5.01
4.04-4. 05ucsd644.05-4 .065.02- 5.036.068.0310.00
4.04-4. 05mpik114.03-4 .046.019.03
4.05-4. 06umc1565.07
4.05-4. 06umc1265.07- 5.08
4.05-4. 06npi340,npi245,npi2462.06
4.05-4. 06ucsd644.04-4 .055.02- 5.036.068.0310.00
4.05-4. 06ucsd611.072.113.028.049.03, 9.09
4.05-4. 06ucsd786.068.03
4.05-4. 06uaz230(gfu)6.10
4.05-4. 06uaz130(ptk)1.125.02- 5.03
4.05-4. 06uaz228(his2b)1.092.0710.04
4.05-4. 06oec2.054.005.02- 5.037.03
4.05-4. 06uaz144(atp)5.09
4.05-4. 06csu36(rpl5)3.105.05
4.05-4. 06uaz218(strs)3.07
4.06-4. 07umc661.125.04
4.07bnl8.081.133.056.088.019.05- 9.06
4.07bnl10.1710.00
4.07umc1045.12- 5.13
4.07-4. 08umc1336.10
4.07-4. 08uaz252(ptk)8.03
4.08npi2535.106.04- 6.059.01
4.08uaz123(gfu)6.097.03
4.08uaz65(gfu)4.01
4.08uaz33(gfu)2.10
4.08npi208,npi36610.00
4.08npi292,npi3635.11- 5.12
4.08umc153.07- 3.08
4.08npi300,npi4317.059.05- 9.06
4.08c2,whp2.10
4.08csu166(gfu)2.10
4.08ssu2.06
4.08agr5635.11- 5.12
4.08npi36,npi841.06- 1.07
4.08-4. 09npi450,npi4245.06
4.08-4. 09uaz279(gfu)5.07
4.08-4. 09npi371,npi422,npi3728.0310.00
4.08-4. 09mgs29.05- 9.06
4.08-4. 09uaz175(gfu)10.04
4.09-4. 10npi203,npi1165.04- 5.05
4.10-4. 12npi361,npi294,npi3591.162.03, 2.10-2.114.006.02- 6.037.01- 7.028.0410.05-10.06
4.10uaz161(eif)3L6.02- 6.039.04
4.10ncr(B70)5.05
4.10agr10025.06
4.10agr2485.06
4.11uaz279(gfu)5.06
4.12csh(cdc2)9.09
5.00agr2591L?
5.00umc685.10- 5.11
5.00uaz76(gfu)10.05-1 0.06
5.00agr6991.16
5.00agr1031.16
5.01rpa71.12
5.01bnl8.291.14
5.01ucsd441.14
5.01bnl7.249.04
5.01npi75,npi2261.12
5.01npi5791.02
5.01-5. 02umc1471.12
5.02-5. 03npi305,npi307,npi4376L10.05-1 0.06
5.02-5. 03uaz166(gfu)1.12
5.02-5. 03bnl17.181.12
5.02-5. 03npi282,npi3571.12
5.02-5. 03npi5811.12
5.02-5. 03csu137(MADS)1.12
5.02-5. 03uaz130(ptk)1.124.05-4 .06
5.02-5. 03ucsd644.04-4.05, 4.05-4.066.068.0310.00
5.02-5. 03umc721.12
5.02-5. 03MSC2,11.12
5.02-5. 03phyA1.11
5.02-5. 03csu150(rpo)6.01
5.02-5. 03oec2.054.00, 4.05-4.067.03
5.02-5. 03umc1071.11
5.02-5. 03rpa61.11
5.02-5. 03umc1061.11
5.02-5. 03uaz167(gfu)1.11
5.02-5. 03uaz215(odo)5.09
5.02-5. 03uaz345(zta)5.11- 5.12
5.02-5. 03pgm1,pgm21.12
5.02-5. 03d9,d81.11
5.02-5. 03uaz25(mcp)2.068.02- 8.03
5.02-5. 03agr3621.10
5.02-5. 03agr2781.10
5.02-5. 03niu8.03- 8.04
5.02-5. 03uaz205(hsp)1.09
5.03-5. 04umc27(gfu)1.10
5.03-5. 04umc831.10
5.04umc186(Bs1)8.04- 8.05
5.04mdh5,mdh41.10
5.04uaz111(gfu)5.06
5.04mpik336.01
5.04agr2351.10
5.04pcr1.092.007.01- 7.02
5.04umc661.124.05-4 .06
5.04umc1661.00
5.04rpa51.10
5.04agr2381.10
5.04bnl5.021.09
5.04-5. 05npi116,npi2034.09-4 .10
5.04-5. 05npi384,npi3834.03-4 .04
5.05ncr(B70)4.10
5.05uaz299(ptk)6.01
5.05bnl14.289.07- 9.08
5.05csu36(rpl19)3.104.05-4 .08
5.06npi53,npi3026.00
5.06npi424,npi4504.08-4 .09
5.06agr2484.10
5.06agr10024.10
5.06uaz111(gfu)5.06
5.06uaz285(tpase)1.088.04- 8.05
5.06-5. 07amp1.09
5.07als4.03-4 .04
5.07uaz70(gfu)4.01
5.07uaz295(orf)2.053.03
5.07uaz279(gfu)4.11
5.07bnl10.128.08
5.07gapd4.03-4 .0410.05-1 0.06
5.07uaz248(his3)1.04
5.07uaz164(gfu)3.03, 3.088.06
5.07uaz138(gfu)1.098.07- 8.08
5.07umc1564.05-4 .06
5.07-5. 08umc1264.05-4 .06
5.07-5. 08ucsd721.083.0610.00
5.08-5. 09npi458,npi46110.08
5.09npi115,npi312,npi3292.0010.00
5.09uaz215(odo)5.02- 5.03
5.09uaz144(atp)4.05-4 .07
5.09-5. 10npi362,npi293,npi3221.009.04
5.09-5. 10npi313,npi3167.01- 7.02
5.10npi2534.086.04- 6.059.01
5.10bnl9.079.01
5.10lw3,lw4?4.05
5.10-5. 11umc685.00
5.11-5. 12npi(a1)2.083.097.02- 7.038.06- 8.07
5.11-5. 12uaz345(zta)5.02- 5.03
5.11-5. 12agr5634.08
5.11-5. 12uaz240(nbp)1.156.09
5.11-5. 12tpi2.04, 2.083.037.04- 7.058.02- 8.03
5.11-5. 12npi363,npi2924.08
5.11-5. 12uaz71(gfu)4.05-4 .06
5.12-5. 13umc1044.07
5.13uaz268(gfu)1.117.01- 7.02
6.00npi2,npi18.08- 8.09
6.00npi101,npi1038.06
6.00npi7,npi64.03-4 .04
6.00npi245,npi340,npi2461.092.06
6.00uaz18(gfu)1.092.063.07
6.00uaz310(gbp)4.03-4 .04
6.01npi387,npi388,npi4411.097.01
6.01mpik114.03-4.04, 4.04-4.059.03
6.01pog13.098.06
6.01uaz299(ptk)5.05
6.01uaz300(mtl)3.04
6.01uaz269(kri)2.076.108.01
6.01uaz258(gfu)8.04- 8.05
6.01csu71(cab)1.10
6.01csu150(rpo)5.02- 5.03
6.01pgd1,pgd23.05
6.01npi5944.04-4 .05
6.01uaz23(gfu)2.09
6.01uaz233(act)7.048.04- 8.05
6.01mpik335.04
6.01uaz197(ptk)6.01
6.01uaz237(prc)9.02
6.02-6. 03bnl10.422.05
6.02-6. 03uaz265(sbe1)2.06
6.02-6. 03oec2.054.00, 4.05-4 .065.02- 5.037.03
6.02-6. 03npi98,npi2251.129.0910.04-1 0.05
6.02-6. 03uaz106(gfu)2.04
6.02-6. 03uaz220(eif)6.067.048.00
6.02-6. 03uaz161(eif)3L4.109.04
6.02-6. 03npi3611.162.03, 2.10-2.114.00, 4.126.02- 6.037.01- 7.028.0410.05-10.06
6.02-6. 03umc709.01
6.02-6. 03umc1139.01- 9.02
6.04-6. 05bz19.01- 9.02
6.04-6. 05pl,c19.01- 9.02
6.04-6. 05npi2534.085.109.01
6.04-6. 05npi2241.093.046.057.01- 7.028.05, 8.09
6.04-6. 05agr1189.01- 9.02
6.04-6. 05pep-c9.04
6.06dzs23,dzs109.04
6.06uaz244(prh)8.03
6.06uaz297(rpl17)2.078.03
6.06uaz220(eif)6.02- 6.037.048.00
6.06zag1,zag23.05
6.06ucsd784.05-4 .068.03
6.06ucsd644.04-4 .05, 4.05-4 .065.02- 5.038.0310.00
6.06sod38.018. 04
6.06uaz121(gfu)8.03
6.06me2,me13.02- 3.03
6.07pdk8.05
6.07umc1372.09
6.07bnl5.478.04
6.07bnl8.068.04
6.07umc1502.098.04
6.07npi205,npi30 1,npi332,npi102,npi621.077L8L
6.07-6. 08umc388.06
6.08umc1608.05
6.08bnl8.081.133.054.078.019.05- 9.06
6.08koln18.05
6.08uaz19(gfu)1.093.047.01- 7.02
6.08uaz333(gfu)8.04
6.08uaz251(rps11)2.02- 2.033.078.02- 8.0310.05-1 0.07
6.08uaz243(atp)3.088.02- 8.03
6.10idh2,idh18.07
6.10npi59710.05-1 0.06
6.10mdh2,mdh3,mdh13.088.03- 8.04
6.10umc1334.07-4 .08
6.10-6. 11umc1342.05
6.10-6. 11bnl5.621.012.039.04
6.10-6. 11uaz123(gfu)4.087.03
6.10-6. 11uaz269(kri)2.076.018.01
6.10-6. 11uaz230(gfu)4.05-4 .06
6.10-6. 11adpg1.072.083.094.03-4 .048.0410.02
6.11npi9,npi2068.08
6.11npi260,npi2618.03- 8.04
6.11uaz240(nbp)1.155.11- 5.12
7.00ucsd1062.11
7.00php205812.11
7.00-7. 01npi4002.11
7.00-7. 01npi388,npi387,npi4411.096.01
7.01-7. 02npi361,npi294,npi3591.162.03, 2.10-2.114.00, 4.11-4.126.02- 6.037.01- 7.028.0410.05-10.06
7.01-7. 02mpik42.04
7.01-7. 02uaz20(gfu)1.09
7.01-7. 02uaz27(gfu)2.04
7.01-7. 02uaz19(gfu)1.093.046.08
7.01-7. 02ucsd1412.06
7.01-7. 02invertase,mn12.05
7.01-7. 02uaz344(est)2.05
7.01-7. 02uaz268(gfu)1.115.13
7.01-7. 02npi30,npi3672.004.04-4 .05
7.01-7. 02zpl24.03-4 .04
7.01-7. 02pcr1.092.005.04
7.01-7. 02npi44,npi492.06
7.01-7. 02bnl17.134.01, 4.03-4.04
7.01-7. 02uaz68(gfu)4.01
7.01-7. 02ask1,ask22.07
7.01-7. 02csu7(gfu)1.15
7.01-7. 02csu4(gfu)2L
7.01-7. 02orp1,orp24.03-4 .0410.05-1 0.06
7.01-7. 02ucsd813.0510.04
7.01-7. 02npi316,npi3135.09- 5.10
7.01-7. 02npi(a1)2.083.095.11- 5.128.06- 8.07
7.01-7. 02npi277,npi4052.07
7.01-7. 02npi47,npi1232.08
7.01-7. 02php206907.05
7.01-7. 02npi2241.093.046.058.05, 8.09
7.01-7. 02g-zein2.07
7.03npi394,npi3954.04-4 .05
7.03oec2.054.00, 4.05-4 .065.02- 5.036.02- 6.03
7.03agr2672.08
7.03alr2.08
7.03npi216,npi2212.08
7.03umc52.07- 2.08
7.03umc982.08
7.03agr2652.00
7.03-7. 04uaz123(gfu)4.086.10
7.04agr3332.08
7.04agr1112.09
7.04umc1252.09
7.04php205692.09
7.04uaz31(gfu)2.089.07- 9.08
7.04uaz28(gfu)2.06
7.04npi5,npi42.07
7.04npi440,npi4391.03
7.04-7. 05bnl5.212.09
7.04-7. 05bnl5.612.09
7.04-7. 05tpi2.04, 2.083.035.11- 5.128.02-8.03, 8.09
7.04-7. 05npi4132.09
7.04-7. 05uaz315(tua)2.09
7.04-7. 05uaz233(act)6.018.04- 8.05
7.04-7. 05uaz220(eif)6.02-6.03, 6.068.00
7.04-7. 05uaz117(gfu)3.1010.04
7.05npi335,npi35 8,npi273,npi1091.032.063.04
7.05npi3983.03
7.05cab3.098.05
7.05npi431,npi3004.089.04
7.05bnl8.212.09
7.05B328.05
7.05npi59,npi2102.09
7.05uaz241(orf)2.09
7.05uaz119(rps6)8.079.04
7.05php206907.02
7.05npi35,npi462.09
7.05npi113,npi1182.09
7.05npi2782.09
7.06npi45,npi3372.08
8.01npi2203.03
8.01npi114,npi2023.04
8.01npi2229.04
8.01bnl8.081.133.054.076.089.05- 9.06
8.01bnl13.053.048.03- 8.04
8.01sod36.068.04
8.01npi218,npi2193.03
8.01bnl8.101.10
8.02umc1033.08
8.02-8. 03tpi2.04, 2.083.035.11- 5.127.04- 7.058.09
8.03npi276,npi3643.03
8.03bif1,bif23.07
8.03ucsd784.04-4 .066.06
8.03ucsd644.04-4 .05, 4.05-4 .065.02- 5.036.0610.00
8.03mpik353.04
8.03mpik124.03-4 .049.0210.00
8.03-8. 04bnl13.053.048.01
8.03-8. 04mdh1,mdh3,mdh23.086.10
8.04agr1163.02
8.04umc323.00- 3.01
8.04bnl5.476.07
8.04bnl8.066.07
8.04bnl1.452.04
8.04umc1502.096.07
8.04npi206,npi96.11
8.04npi260,npi2616.11
8.04ucsd611.072.113.024.05-4 .069.03, 9.09
8.04sod36.068.01
8.04uaz25(mcp)2.065.02- 5.03
8.04uaz244(prh)6.06
8.04uaz269(kri)2.076.01, 6.10
8.04uaz297(rpl17)2.076.06
8.04uaz249(rps27a)1.083.048.10
8.04uaz121(gfu)6.06
8.04npi361,npi294,npi3591.162.03, 2.10-2.114.00, 4.11-4.126.02- 6.037.01- 7.0210.05-1 0.06
8.04uaz251(rps11)2.02- 2.033.076.0810.05-1 0.07
8.04uaz243(atp)3.086.08
8.04uaz252(ptk)4.07-4 .08
8.04uaz333(gfu)6.08
8.04niu5.03
8.04adpg1.072.083.094.03-4 .046.10- 6.1110.02
8.04uaz233(act)6.017.04
8.04bnl17.0810.08
8.04-8. 05umc1865.04
8.04-8. 05npi372,npi371,npi4224.08-4 .0910.00
8.04-8. 05agr5693.09
8.04-8. 05uaz285(tpase)1.085.06
8.05B327.05
8.05npi2241.093.046.057.01- 7.028.09
8.05pdk6.07
8.05uaz258(gfu)6.01
8.05koln29.02
8.05cab3.097.05
8.05umc1606.08
8.05koln16.08
8.05sdw1,sdw2?3.06
8.05umc1653.06
8.05agr5143.06
8.06agr503.06
8.06lg4,lg3?3.04
8.06agr2743.06
8.06agr1443.07
8.06npi101,npi1036.00
8.06npi1,npi26.00
8.06pog13.096.01
8.06uaz164(gfu)3.03, 3.085.07
8.06bnl12.303.09
8.06umc386.07- 6.08
8.06-8. 07npi(a1)2.083.095.11- 5.127.02- 7.03
8.07uaz138(gfu)1.095.07
8.07idh1,idh26.10
8.07-8. 08agr1843.06
8.07-8. 08uaz176(gfu)3.07
8.08npi3,npi2013.08
8.08uaz119(rps6)7.059.04
8.08npi426,npi4253.10
8.08bnl10.243.06
8.08umc532.02- 2.03
8.08-8. 09npi69,npi703.04
8.08-8. 09bnl10.125.07
8.08-8. 09npi204,npi1083.05
8.08-8. 09npi3283.07
8.09umc1641.00
8.09npi2241.093.046.057.01- 7.028.05
8.09uaz174(gfu)4L
8.09tpi2.04, 2.083.035.11- 5.127.04- 7.058.02- 8.03
8.10obf33.07
8.10-8. 11uaz279(rps27a)1.083.048.04
8.11umc33.07
8.11umc42.08- 2.09
8.11umc393.07
8.11npi2123.07
9.01umc706.02- 6.039.01
9.01bnl9.075.10
9.01koln28.05
9.01npi253,npi32 5,npi324,npi3434.085.106.04- 6.0510.00
9.01agr1186.05
9.01-9. 02umc1136.02- 6.03
9.02c1,pl6.04- 6.05
9.02uaz237(prc)6.01
9.02sh1,css9.04- 9.06
9.02bz16.04- 6.05
9.02agr25510.08
9.02mpik124.03-4 .048.0310.00
9.03dzs10,dzs236.06
9.03mpik114.03-4.04, 4.04-4.056.01
9.03ucsd611.072.113.024.05-4 .068.049.09
9.04umc821.08
9.04obf2,obf1?1.06
9.05-9. 06uaz161(eif)3L4.106.02- 6.03
9.05-9. 06npi416,npi4186.00
9.05-9. 06npi300,npi4314.087.05
9.05-9. 06mgs24.08-4 .09
9.05-9. 06uaz119(rps6)7.058.08
9.05-9. 06umc194B(gpr)1.02
9.05-9. 06npi2228.01
9.05-9. 06uaz236(strs)2.06
9.05-9. 06uaz304(hon)1.04
9.05-9. 06php2007510.01
9.05-9. 06bnl7.245.01
9.05-9. 06css,sh19.02
9.05-9. 06sod41.04
9.05-9. 06hm2,hm1?1.09
9.05-9. 06uaz266(nad)1.04
9.05-9. 06phyB1.04
9.05-9. 06uaz264(hsp)1.03
9.05-9. 06bnl5.621.012.036.10- 6.11
9.05-9. 06npi293,npi322,npi3621.005.09- 5.10
9.06umc1401.11
9.06npi427,npi4281.04
9.06bnl8.081.133.054.076.088.01
9.06koln91.03
9.06agr1531.04
9.06agr921.03- 1.04
9.06npi439,npi4407.04
9.06bnl7.211.05
9.06npi14,npi893.03- 3.04
9.06-9. 07npi403,npi4041.02
9.06-9. 07agr2941.01
9.07-9. 08npi209,npi931.02
9.07-9. 08bnl14.285.05
9.07-9. 08uaz14(gfu)1.08
9.08-9. 09npi97,npi991.01
9.09ucsd611.072.113.024.05-4 .068.049.03
9.09uaz31(gfu)2.087.04
9.09umc941.01
9.09npi98,npi2251.126.02- 6.0310.04-1 0.05
9.09csh(cdc2)4.12
10.00agr433.10
10.00ucsd721.083.065.07- 5.08
10.00npi366,npi2084.08
10.00ucsd644.04-4 .05, 4.05-4 .065.02- 5.036.068.03
10.00mpik124.03-4 .048.039.02
10.00uaz309(cht)3.10
10.00bnl10.174.07
10.00npi422,npi372,npi3714.08-4 .098.04- 8.05
10.00- 10.01PIO200759.05- 9.06
10.01Cin42.044.05-4 .06
10.01rp4,rp1,rp5,rp6,rp94.00
10.02adpg1.072.083.094.03-4 .046.10- 6.118.04
10.02uaz21(gfu)1.05, 1.122.00
10.04umc183.05
10.04npi4172.00
10.04npi378,npi3793.04
10.04uaz339(glu)3.04
10.04uaz340(glu)10.05-1 0.06
10.04ucsd813.057.01- 7.02
10.04npi44510.00
10.04uaz24(gfu)2.01
10.04uaz228(his2b)1.092.074.05-4 .06
10.04csu6(gfu)2.05
10.04npi327,npi3811.00
10.04npi5976.10
10.05- 10.06orp1,orp24.03-4 .047.02
10.05- 10.06gf14-122.05
10.05- 10.06uaz117(gfu)3.10
10.05- 10.06uaz175(gfu)4.08
10.05- 10.06uaz76(gfu)5.00
10.05- 10.06npi98,npi2251.126.02- 6.039.09
10.05- 10.06npi22,npi3652.00
10.05- 10.06npi437,npi305,npi3075.02- 5.036.00
10.05- 10.06uaz251(rps11)2.02- 2.033.076.088.02- 8.03
10.05- 10.06uaz340(glu)10.04
10.05- 10.06npi3611.162.03, 2.104.00, 4.126.02- 6.037.01- 7.028.0410.05-1 0.06
10.05- 10.06gapd4.03-4 .045.07
10.05- 10.06npi2692.04
10.07- 10.08umc442.04
10.08r,b2.04
10.08bnl17.088.04
10.08npi461,npi4585.08- 5.09
10.08npi436,npi2872.04
10.08agr1682.03
10.08agr2162.06
10.08agr1672.04
10.08agr2559.02
10.08agr1132.04
10.08bnl7.4910.00
10.08uaz318(nbp)2.02- 2.03
10.08npi4212.02- 2.03
10.08npi2902.02- 2.03
10.08uaz113(aaa)2.02- 2.03
10.08npi2542.01
10.08npi5772.01- 2.02
10.08npi321,npi3202.02
10.08npi3502.01
10.08php205682.00
10.08npi6044.01


Please Note: Notes submitted to the Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter may be cited only with consent of the authors

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