Etched1 gene product of Zea mays contains a zinc ribbon-like
domain and is homologous to the eucaryotic transcription elongation factor
Costa e Silva, O1, Garg, P, Wassmann, M, Lorbiecke, R, Lauert,
P, Peters, U, Scanlon, M2, Hsia, A-P3, Wienand, U
1BASF Plant Science LLC
3Iowa State University
Etched1 (et1) is
a pleiotropic mutation in maize affecting endosperm and seedling development.
et1 kernels are fissured and cracked and et1 seedlings appear
virescent until approximately two weeks after germination. The etched
1 gene was identified from a Mutator-induced mutant allele using the
AIMS (amplification of insertion mutagenized sites; Frey et al., Plant
J. 13:717-721, 1998) technique. Several mutant alleles as well as the wild-type
allele were cloned and analyzed molecularly. The etched 1 gene is
about 3 kb in size and contains 4 exons. Expression analysis revealed transcripts,
approximately 800 bp in size, in wild-type endosperm and leaves. The putatively
encoded protein is 163 amino acids in length. It contains a zinc ribbon-like
domain and shows homology to the eucaryotic transcription elongation factor
TFIIS. The mRNA has been localized by in situ experiments in the
outer cell layers of the endosperm. Organelle localization experiments
revealed that the ETCHED1 protein is transported into the stroma of chloroplasts.
From the analyses of the etched 1 gene we conclude that the ETCHED1
protein may be part of a transcription complex involved in plastid development.
Please Note: Notes submitted to the Maize Genetics Cooperation Newsletter may be cited only with consent of the authors.
Return to the MNL 75 On-Line Index
Return to the Maize Newsletter Index
Return to the Maize Genome Database Page