sad1 , bin(s) 10.02 , shikimate dehydrogenase1 , electrophoretic mobility; plastidial; monomeric
sam1 , bin(s) 10.04 - 10.05 , S-adenosylmethione decarboxylase1 , single copy leaf cDNA csu217; aka csu6b
sar1 , SAR homolog1 , endosperm cDNA 5C03G12 (uaz151), similar to Arabidopsis sar1 homologue
sbd1 , bin(s) 6.01 - 6.08 , sunburned1 , sun-exposed leaves greyish-waxy
sbe2 , starch branching enzyme2 , amino acid sequence, deduced from cDNA sequence, has 71% homology to pea sbeI and 52% to maize sbeI
sbp1 , sedoheptulose bisphosphatase1 , leaf cDNA csu813 similar to plant Calvin cycle enzyme
sci1 , subtilisin-chymotrypsin inhibitor homolog1 , cDNA from germinating embryo infected with Fusarium moniliforme; similar to subtilisin-chymotrypsin inhibitor
sdh1 , sorbitol dehydrogenase homolog1 , endosperm cDNA 5C04A01 (uaz152), similar to sorbitol dehydrogenases
sdw1 , bin(s) 8.04 , semi-dwarf plant1 , dominant Sdw1 plants have shortened internodes, erect leaves and tassel branches
sdw2 , bin(s) 3.00 - 3.09 , semi-dwarf2 , dominant Sdw2, short plant, 1/3-1/2 normal height, with normal green erect leaves; does not respond to gibberellins; no anthers in ear
se1 , bin(s) 2.10 , sugary-enhancer1 , high sugar content with su1; light yellow endosperm; freely wrinkled in Ill677a
sed1 , senescence-diminished1 , mRNA differentially diminished in early- vs. late-senescing lines; similarity to ATP sulfurylase mRNA of Arabidopsis
sed2 , senescence-diminished2 , mRNA differentially diminished in early- vs. late-senescing lines
see1 , senescence-enhanced1 , mRNA differentially enhanced in late- vs. early-senescing lines; similarity to rice oryzain gamma (cysteine protease)
see2 , senescence-enhanced2 , mRNA differentially enhanced in late- vs. early-senescing lines; similarity to castor bean vacuolar processing enzyme (cysteine protease)
see3 , senescence-enhanced3 , mRNA differentially enhanced in late- vs. early-senescing lines; similarity to maize pyruvate, o-phosphate dikinase
see4 , senescence-enhanced4 , mRNA differentially enhanced in late- vs. early-senescing lines; similarity to maize ferredoxin I
sem1 , bin(s) 9.00 - 9.03 , semaphore1 , small kernels with reduced germination; plants brachytic with leaves that droop at maturity
ref: 705, 708.
sen1 , bin(s) 3.00 - 3.09 , soft endosperm1 , duplicate factor with sen2; endosperm soft, opaque
sen2 , bin(s) 7.00 - 7.06 , soft endosperm2 , duplicate factor with sen1
sen3 , bin(s) 1.00 - 1.12 , soft endosperm3 , duplicate factor with sen4; like sen1
sen4 , soft endosperm4 , duplicate factor with sen3
sen5 , bin(s) 2.00 - 2.10 , soft endosperm5 , duplicate factor with sen6; like sen1
sen6 , bin(s) 5.00 - 5.09 , soft endosperm6 , duplicate factor with sen5
ser1 , seryl-tRNA synthetase1 , etiolated leaf cDNA 6C02G11 (uaz236) similar to yeast tRNA ligase
sfb1 , SF1 binding protein candidate1 , endosperm cDNA 5C09C08 similar to spinach transcription factor
sft1 , small flint type1 , ears on sft1 plants produce only small flint endosperms; +/sft ears are normal
sg1 , string cob1 , dominant Sg1 plants have reduced pedicels
sh1 , bin(s) 9.01 , shrunken1 , inflated endosperm collapses on drying, forming smoothly indented kernels; sucrose synthase-1 of endosperm (compare sus2); homotetramer; SSRs phi028, 044, 033
sh2 , bin(s) 3.09 , shrunken2 , inflated, transparent, sweet kernels collapse on drying, becoming angular and brittle; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit (compare bt2); application: "supersweet" sweet corn - kernels sugar-sweet for long period
sh4 , bin(s) 5.05 , shrunken4 , collapsed, chalky endosperm
sh6 , bin(s) 7.00 - 7.02 , shrunken pale green6 , shrunken, opaque, normal size kernel, like sh1; pale green virescent seedling that greens slowly and is usually lethal
ref: 574, 798.
sht1 , susceptible to H. turcicum1 , Sht1 is a dominant inhibitor of Ht2, Ht3, and Htn1 (but not of Ht1) in inbred lines related to B14
ref: 120, 749.
si1 , bin(s) 6.02 , silky1 , (aka ts8, ms-si) multiple silks in ear; sterile tassel with silks
sigma , sigma subcomponent of S complex of r1 , region between S1 and S2, unrelated to them or to P but showing some homology to doppia
sin1 , sin homolog1 , endosperm cDNA 5C01E06, similar to yeast SIN3
sip1 , stress-induced protein1 , cDNA sequence homologous to thaumatin-like protein
sk1 , bin(s) 2.03 - 2.04 , silkless ears1 , pistils abort, no silks
skb1 , suppressor of kernel blotching1 , .
sks1 , bin(s) 2.04 - 2.05 , suppressor of KYS sterility1 , pollen grains developing in presence of dominant Ms21 are defective and nonfunctional if sks1, normal if Sks1
ref: 426, 720.
sl1 , bin(s) 7.03 , slashed leaves1 , leaves slit longitudinally by necrotic streaks. Plants are weaker than normal, but produce pollen and ears.
sm1 , bin(s) 6.04 - 6.05 , salmon silks1 , silks salmon color with P1-rr, brown with P1-ww
smd1 , suppressor of meiotic drive 1 , preferential segregation of knobs and loci linked to knobs associated with Abnormal chromosome 10 (Ab10)
smt1 , sterol methyltransferase1 , endosperm cDNA similar to C-24 sterol methyltransferase .
sn1 , bin(s) 10.06 , scutellar node color1 , anthocyanin in coleoptile, nodes, auricle, leaf blade, etc. (compare Lc1)
ref: 257, 258.
snr5 , small nucleolar RNA U5 , identity based on homology to Arabidopsis clones; genomic clones have distinct 5'-sequence
snr14 , small nucleolar RNA1 , nucleolar; possible polycistronic cluster of U14 units; sequence similar to yeast and mouse counterparts
sod1 , superoxide dismutase1 , electrophoretic mobility; plastidial; Cu-Zn dimeric; intralocus hybrid bands occur
sod2 , bin(s) 7.05 , superoxide dismutase2 , electrophoretic mobility; cytosolic; Cu-Zn dimeric
ref: 114, 115.
sod3 , superoxide dismutase3 , electrophoretic mobility; mitochondrial; Mn tetrameric; intralocus hybrid bands occur; cDNA complements yeast mutant;
sod4 , bin(s) 1.03 - 1.04 , superoxide dismutase4 , electrophoretic mobility; cytosolic; Cu-Zn dimeric; intralocus hybrid bands occur; two similar sequences X17564 (sod4), X17565(sod4A)
sos1 , bin(s) 4.02 , Suppressor of sessile spikelets1 , dominant Sos1 suppresses sessile spikelets in ear primordia and in tassel; reduced tassel branching - contrasts to teosinte ears, where the pedicellate rather than the sessile spikelet is lacking (pd1, paired spikelets, is lapsed)
spc1 , bin(s) 3.06 , speckled1 , dominant Spc1 plants display brown speckling on leaves and sheath at flowering; supporting tissues weak
ref: 555, 556.
spc2 , bin(s) 1.06 - 1.12 , speckled2 , green seedling with light green speckles
spc3 , bin(s) 3.05 - 3.09 , speckled3 , green seedling with dark and light green speckles
spe1 , branching enzyme1 , maize kernel cDNA sequence is similar to starch branching enzyme I of bacteria, encodes a putative 64-amino acid plastid transit peptide (aka sbe1)
spr1 , signal recognition particle receptor homolog1 , endosperm cDNA 2C07F04(uaz8) similar to alpha subunit of animal signal recognition particle receptor
sps1 , bin(s) 8.06 , sucrose phosphate synthase1 , cDNA encodes a 1068 amino acid leaf protein; transgenic (E. coli) directs sucrose phosphate synthesis
sps2 , bin(s) 3.05 , sucrose phosphate synthase2 , leaf cDNA csu328, sequence similar to sps1
spt1 , bin(s) 2.05 - 2.10 , spotted1 , pale green, weak seedlings with dark green spots
ref: 548, 563.
spt2 , bin(s) 4.00 - 4.05 , spotted2 , like spt1; plants very weak to inviable.
sr1 , bin(s) 1.02 , striate leaves1 , many white striations or stripes on leaves
ref: 90, 208.
sr2 , bin(s) 10.07 , striate leaves2 , white stripes on blade and sheath of upper leaves
sr3 , bin(s) 10.01 , striate leaves3 , virescent seedling and striate to striped plant
sr4 , bin(s) 6.00 - 6.08 , striate leaves4 , seedlings pale luteus, later leaves white-striped
srp1 , signal recognition particle RNA , gene family
ssu1 , bin(s) 4.08 , ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small subunit1 , probed locus; SSRs phi092,phi093
ref: 87, 855, 889.
ssu2 , bin(s) 2.05 , ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small subunit2 , probed locus
ref: 87, 855, 889.
st1 , bin(s) 4.04 , sticky chromosome1 , small plant, striate leaves, pitted kernels resulting from sticky chromosomes; st1-e heightened by high temperature
stAc , bin(s) 10.04 , stabilized Activator , RFLP locus; name from P. Chomet(unpublished)
stp1 , bin(s) 8.03 , sugar transport homolog1 , leaf cDNA csu142 similar to yeast plasma membrane sugar transport protein, single copy
su1 , bin(s) 4.05 , sugary1 , endosperm wrinkled and translucent when dry; starch debranching enzyme I absent in developing endosperm, phytoglycogen but no debranching enzyme in germinating seeds; su1-am sugary-amylaceous; su1-st recessive starchy; application: the "sweet corn" gene -
su2 , bin(s) 6.04 - 6.05 , sugary2 , endosperm glassy, translucent, sometimes wrinkled
su3 , bin(s) 4.05 , sugary3 , endosperm glassy, smoother than su1
sup1 , suppressor1 , dominant Sup1 modifies o2 kernels to semi-transparent
sur1 , sulfonylurea herbicide response1 , recessive sensitivity to sulfonylurea herbicides
sus1 , bin(s) 9.04 , sucrose synthase1 , (was sus2, css1) sucrose synthase-2 of embryo and other tissues, compare sh1; SSRs phi016, 032, 042
sxd1 , sucrose export defective1 , anthocyanin accumulates in a non-clonal pattern at tip and margins of leaves soon after emergence from whorl; reduced plant height
sy1 , yellow scutellum1 , tissue yellow in recessive rather than white
ta1 , transaminase1 , electrophoretic mobility; dimeric; intralocus hybrid bands occur; possibly = got1
taf1 , transcription associated factor1 , low copy, leaf cDNA csu38 similar to human transcription initiation factor subunit
tap1 , translocon-associated protein homolog1 , vegetative meristem cDNA 7C02D06, similar to endoplasmic reticulum protein
tasBF266 , telomere associated sequence BF266 , subtelomeric sequence; multiple copies include non-telomere locations
tasBF267 , telomere associated sequence BF267 , subtelomeric sequence, muliple copies including non-telomeric
tasBF268 , telomere associated sequence BF268 , subtelomeric sequence, multiple copies, including non-telomeric
tau1 , tau protein homolog1 , leaf cDNA csu64 similar to brain specific 14-3-3 protein, tau chain A.
ref: 125, 377.
tb1 , bin(s) 1.09 , teosinte branched1 , many tillers; ear branches tassel-like
tbp1 , bin(s) 1.09 , TATA-binding protein1 , Maize TATA-binding protein component of TFIID transcription initiation factor
ref: 295, 845.
tbp2 , bin(s) 5.02 - 5.03 , TATA-binding protein2 , cDNA clone; encodes a TBP that functions in yeast; maps to chromosome 5 near pgm2
tct1 , translationally controlled tumor1 , vegetative meristem cDNA 7C02C06 similar to protein conserved in yeast, plants and mammals
td1 , bin(s) 5.04 , thick tassel dwarf1 , plants shortened, tassel dense
te1 , bin(s) 3.05 , terminal ear1 , stalked ear appendages at tip; varying to infolded ears
tga1 , bin(s) 4.05 , teosinte glume architecture1 , glumes indurated, erect, long, boat-shaped; factor transferred from teosinte
tgd1 , dTDP-glucose dehydratase homolog csu219 , leaf cDNA csu219, 5' sequence similar to DTDP-glucose dehydratase
tha1 , bin(s) 3.04 , thylakoid assembly1 , reduced polypeptides of photosystem II, photosystem I, cytochrome bf; normal coupling factor, normal RUBISCO; missing polypeptides appear to be synthesized normally
tha2 , thylakoid assembly2 , like tha1, but in addition has reduced chloroplast coupling factor
tha3 , thylakoid assembly , like tha2, presumed not allelic
thc1 , thiocarbamate sensitive1 , sensitive to Eradicane
thp1 , bin(s) 7.04 , thiol protease homolog1 , leaf cDNA csu5 similar to Vigna mungo sulfhydryl-endopeptidase; single copy
ref: 125, 377.
thr1 , bin(s) 3.08 , threonine synthase 1 , leaf cDNA csu189 similar to bacterial threonine synthase; single copy
tiny fragment 9 , bin(s) 9.00 - 9.02 , , centric fragment that carries Sh1, Bz1, and X component
tl , tasselless1 , trait was previously symbolized as a gene, tl1, but inheritance is complex and irregular; associated with aneuploidy
tlk1 , tousled protein kinase1 , endosperm cDNA 5C04A03 (uaz130), similar to Arabidopsis protein kinase, TOUSLED
ref: 309, 729.
tlr1 , bin(s) 1.06 - 1.12 , tillered1 , semi-dominant, Tlr1/Tlr1 plants show extreme tillering; Tlr1/tlr1 show some tillering.
tlr2 , tillering2 , dominant Tlr2 plants show 2-3 tillers per plant
tls1 , bin(s) 1.09 - 1.12 , tasselless1 , plants generally lack tassels, have ear shoots but no ear, variable; in some backgrounds, pubescent, leathery at 4-8 leaf stage; similar to bs1 of Woodworth and Micu
tnpA , transposase A , positive and negative regulator and transposition elicitor of Spm
tola1 , tola protein homolog1 , endosperm cDNA 5C05A03 (uaz254) similar to E. coli TOLA protein, an inner membrane, colicin transport protein
tp1 , bin(s) 7.03 , teopod1 , dominant Tp1 plants have many tillers, narrow leaves, many small partially podded ears, tassel simple
tp2 , bin(s) 10.04 - 10.05 , teopod2 , like tp1
tp3 , bin(s) 3.03 , teopod3 , semi-dominant that increases tillering and decreases number of lateral tassel branches; originally identified by J. Beckett, may be allele of Cg1
tpase , transposase of Ac , required for transposition of Ac
ref: 401, 402.
tpe1 , thin pericarp1 , reduced cell number in pericarp (from Coroica)
tpi1 , bin(s) 7.03 , triose phosphate isomerase1 , electrophoretic mobility; plastidial; dimeric; intra/interlocus hybrids occur with Tpi2
tpi2 , bin(s) 2.06 , triose phosphate isomerase2 , electrophoretic mobility; plastidial; dimeric; intra/interlocus hybrids occur with Tpi1
tpi3 , bin(s) 8.02 , triose phosphate isomerase3 , electrophoretic mobility; cytosolic; dimeric; intra/interlocus hybrids occur with Tpi4 & Tpi5
tpi4 , bin(s) 3.04 , triose phosphate isomerase4 , electrophoretic mobility; cytosolic; dimeric; intra/interlocus hybrids occur with Tpi3 & Tpi5; leaf cDNA csu301 single copy, SSRs phi029, nc030
ref: 862, 865.
tpi5 , bin(s) 8.07 - 8.08 , triose phosphate isomerase5 , electrophoretic mobility; cytosolic; dimeric intra/interlocus hybrids occur with Tpi3 & Tpi4
tpm1 , thylakoid peptide modifier1 , dominant decrease in electrophoretic mobility
tpt1 , triose phosphate translocator1 , cDNA sequence similar to plant triosephospate/phosphate translocators
tr1 , bin(s) 2.02 - 2.03 , two-ranked ear1 , distichous vs. decussate phyllotaxy in ear axis; quantitative, one of a family of loci differentiating maize vs. teosinte (cp. RANK of Doebley)
trAc9705 , transposed Activator sequence9705 , probed sequence in Burr et al. (MNL 65:109), location on 1S from data of Diane Burgess, DNAP
trg1 , bin(s) 4.06 , trigonelline1 , recessive deficiency in trigonelline and in SAM:nicotinic acid N methyl transferase (Rhodes, D)
trh1 , thioredoxin h homolog1 , endosperm cDNA 5c05b02 similar to plant and yeast thioredoxin
trisomic , , normal chromosome complement plus an additional chromosome
trm1 , thioredoxin M1 , cDNA with conserved active site
trn1 , bin(s) 9.03 - 9.04 , torn1 , dominant Trn1 plants have chlorotic and adherent leaf tissues on later leaves, which become green and healthy after sunlight exposure but are torn
trp1 , tryptophan synthase1 , genomic sequence; pith preferential cDNA, complements E. coli trpA
tru1 , bin(s) 3.04 - 3.10 , tassels replace upper ears1 , upper ear branches tassel-like, tillers bear ears
ts1 , bin(s) 2.04 - 2.05 , tassel seed1 , tassel pistillate and pendant; if removed, small ear with irregular kernel placement develops
ts2 , bin(s) 1.03 , tassel seed2 , like ts1, but tassel branches variably pistillate and staminate; sequence homologous to short chain alcohol dehydrogenases; SSR phi001
ts3 , bin(s) 1.09 , tassel seed3 , dominant Ts3 tassel has large sections of either pistillate or staminate flowers in tandem; some pollen
ts4 , bin(s) 3.04 - 3.05 , tassel seed4 , tassel compact silky mass, upright, with pistillate and staminate florets; ear silky and proliferated; possibly = zag2
ts5 , bin(s) 4.03 , tassel seed5 , dominant Ts5 tassels are upright with scattered, short silks; branches mostly pistillate toward the base
ts6 , bin(s) 1.11 , tassel seed6 , dominant Ts6 tassels are pistillate to mixed, compact; ear with irregular kernel placement
tsc1 , tar spot complex1 , dominant Tsc1 confers resistance to tar spot complex
tsh1 , tassel sheath1 , leaves develop at base of tassel branches and spikelet pairs
tsl1 , twin shoot line1 , twin shoots, heritability low and variable, apparently normal number of chromosomes, dormant embryo has twin apical meristem, but single root primordium
tu1 , bin(s) 4.07 , tunicate1 , dominant Tu1 ears develop long glumes enclosing individual kernels; tassels develop large, coarse glumes and sex reversal; both inflorescences become grossly vegetative and sterile in homozygotes
ref: 153, 154.
tua1 , bin(s) 1.10 , alpha tubulin1 , mRNA expressed primarily in root tips and pollen; member of tandem repeat (see tua2); gene specific cDNA probe
tua2 , bin(s) 1.10 , alpha tubulin2 , member of tandem repeat (see tua1), separated by 1.5 kbp, near adh1, preferentially expressed in radicles, root tips and coleoptiles; 6 alpha tubulin genes identified; gene specific cDNA probe
ref: 526, 840.
tua3 , bin(s) 5.01 , alpha tubulin3 , alpha tubulin family; mRNA expressed in all dividing cells examined; gene specific cDNA probe
tua4 , bin(s) 5.01 - 5.02 , alpha tubulin4 , belongs to alpha tubulin subfamily I, with tua1 and tua2; gene specific cDNA probe
tua5 , bin(s) 2.07 - 2.08 , alpha tubulin5 , alpha tubulin subfamily II with tua6; gene specific cDNA probe
tua6 , bin(s) 7.04 , alpha tubulin6 , alpha tubulin subfamily II, gene specific cDNA probe
tub1 , bin(s) 1.01 , beta tubulin1 , genomic clones sequenced; gene-specific probe (by Southern blot) hybridizes to a single transcript size; SSRs phi056, 097
tub2 , bin(s) 8.04 , beta tubulin2 , cDNA sequenced; single copy ( Southern blots)
tub3 , beta tubulin3 , cDNA sequence, gene specific probe
tub4 , bin(s) 5.03 , beta tubulin4 , cDNA sequence, gene specific probe
tub5 , beta tubulin5 , cDNA sequence, gene specific probe
tub6 , bin(s) 3.06 , beta tubulin6 , cDNA sequence, gene specific probe
tub7 , bin(s) 9.04 , beta tubulin7 , cDNA sequence, gene specific probe
tubg1 , gamma-tubulin1 , full-length cDNA; deduced amino acid sequence shows high similarity to this tubulin of Arabidopsis and others
u22 , bin(s) 1.10 , sequence u22 , coding sequence found in Adh1-F region
uaz5c02b05 , bin(s) 5.03 - 5.04 , , endosperm cDNA 5C02B05 (uaz275) single copy
uaz5c04c07 , bin(s) 7.04 , , endosperm cDNA 5C04C07 (uaz199), similar to human histocompatibility antigen, single copy
uaz5c05d11(rpl12) , ribosomal protein L12 , endosperm cDNA 5C05D11 similar to mammalian and yeast ribosomal protein
uaz5c05d03(rpl12) , acidic ribosomal protein2 , endosperm cDNA 5C05D03, similar to acidic ribosomal protein
uaz207 , bin(s) 7.04 , , endosperm cDNA 5C04D07 (uaz207), similar to a bovine virus protein
ub1 , unbranched1 , tassel with one spike
ubf9 , ubiquitin fusion protein9 , genomic sequence, hybridizing mRNA expressed during cell division and/or cell growth; multiple copies in genome
ubi1 , ubiquitin1 , genomic sequence, 7 contiguous direct ubiquitin repeats; transcript specific probe; promoter active in monocots, not in tobacco
ubi2 , ubiquitin2 , genomic sequence encodes 7 contiguous ubiquitin monomers; transcript specific probe
uce1 , bin(s) 1.08 , ubiquitin conjugating enzyme1 , endosperm cDNA 2C06C11 (uaz102), similar to plant ubiquitin conjugating enzymes
ufo1 , bin(s) 10.00 - 10.01 , unstable factor for orange1 , dominant Ufo1 plants have orange color in anthers, silks, and most other plant parts in presence of P1-wr or P1-rr; growth retarded
ugp1 , bin(s) 2.07 , UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase1 , endosperm cDNA 5C02H07 (uaz194), similar to potato UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase
ugu1 , UTP-glucose-P-uridyltransferase homolog , endosperm cDNA 5C04E10, similar to slime mold UTP--glucose-1-P uridylyltransferase
uro1 , urmodulin homolog1 , endosperm cDNA 5C06D10 similar to rodent uromodulin
v1 , bin(s) 9.03 , virescent1 , yellowish white seedling, greens rapidly; low temperature accentuates
v2 , bin(s) 5.08 - 5.09 , virescent2 , like v1, but greens slowly; low temperature accentuates
v3 , bin(s) 5.04 , virescent3 , light yellow seedling, greens rapidly; low temperature accentuates
v4 , bin(s) 2.05 , virescent4 , like v2
v5 , bin(s) 7.02 , virescent5 , like v1, but older leaves have white stripes
v8 , bin(s) 4.06 - 4.07 , virescent8 , like v2; lethal
v12 , bin(s) 5.05 - 5.06 , virescent12 , like v3
v13 , virescent13 , first leaf with green tip; greens slowly
v16 , bin(s) 8.07 , virescent16 , like v2; deficiency of chloroplastic 16S and 23S rRNA
v17 , bin(s) 4.00 - 4.05 , virescent17 , like v1, but greening from base to tip
v18 , bin(s) 10.04 - 10.07 , virescent18 , like v1
v21 , bin(s) 8.06 - 8.07 , virescent21 , grainy virescent, greening from tips and margins inward
v22 , bin(s) 1.08 , virescent22 , like v1
v23 , bin(s) 4.05 , virescent23 , like v1
v24 , bin(s) 2.05 - 2.10 , virescent24 , like v1, except not cold-sensitive and developmentally conditional high chlorophyll fluorescence attributable to premature assembly of the light harvesting complexes.
v25 , virescent25 , greenish white seedling; greens from base upward
v26 , bin(s) 2.00 - 2.04 , virescent26 , yellowish white seedling with green leaf tip and midrib
v27 , bin(s) 7.02 - 7.06 , virescent27 , virescent with many small yellow green streaks; husks and culm whitish at flowering
v28 , bin(s) 9.00 , virescent28 , like v1, greens slowly
v29 , bin(s) 10.04 - 10.07 , virescent29 , Greens rapidly in longitudinal streaks on leaf blade, changing to green with light green streaks. Expression heightened by cool temperatures (20-25C).
v30 , bin(s) 9.05 , virescent30 , like v1, but more yellow
v31 , bin(s) 9.02 , virescent31 , grainy, light green seedling; small green plant with longitudinal white stripes
va1 , bin(s) 7.03 , variable sterile1 , variable male and female fertility; cytokinesis fails in anaphase I
vg1 , bin(s) 1.07 , vestigial glume1 , dominant Vg1 glumes very small, cob and anthers exposed; upper leaves have scant ligules
vp1 , bin(s) 3.05 , viviparous1 , embryo fails to become dormant, viable if transplanted; some alleles dormant; chlorophyll and carotenoids unaffected; anthocyanins in aleurone suppressed (aka vp4); cDNA
ref: 225, 439, 465.
vp2 , bin(s) 5.04 , viviparous2 , embryo fails to become dormant; white endosperm, white seedling; anthocyanins unaffected
ref: 222, 225.
vp5 , bin(s) 1.02 , viviparous5 , like vp2
vp8 , bin(s) 1.11 , viviparous8 , embryo fails to become dormant; chlorophyll and carotenoids unaffected; small, pointed-leaf seedlings
vp9 , bin(s) 7.02 , viviparous9 , (was y7, z1) like vp2; vp9-4889 dormant, pale aleurone, pale green seedling
vp10 , viviparous10 , yellow endosperm, colored aleurone, green seedlings, adherent
vp13 , bin(s) 10.04 - 10.07 , viviparous13 , viviparous embryo, necrotic seedling
vpp1 , vacuolar proton pump homolog1 , low copy leaf cDNA csu37, similar to yeast ATPase subunit
vpp2 , vacuolar proton pump2 , etiolated leaf cDNA, 5' sequence similar to plant vacuolar ATPase, subunit B
vsi1 , variable short internodes1 , clusters of 2-4 short internodes, predominantly at base of plant but varies in location; temperature sensitive
vsp1 , bin(s) 9.03 , vegetative-specific protein homolog1 , endosperm cDNA 5C01C06 (uaz246), similar to slime mold vegetative protein
vsr1 , bin(s) 10.04 - 10.07 , virescent striped1 , dominant Vsr1 seedlings virescent, greening to white and yellow striped plant
ref: 562, 566.
w1 , bin(s) 6.05 , white1 , white seedling (yellow with l1), germinates normally; plastid transcripts variously aberrant
ref: 210, 211, 437.
w2 , bin(s) 10.06 , white2 , white seedling (yellow with l1); endosperm pitted and spotted (allele dek21); plastid DNA content decreased
w3 , bin(s) 2.06 , white3 , like vp2; w3-8686 pale endosperm, pale green seedling in dim light
ref: 173, 440.
w11 , bin(s) 9.02 , white11 , like w1
w14 , bin(s) 6.05 , white14 , like w1
w15 , bin(s) 6.01 , white15 , like w1; fails to convert protochlorophyllide to chlorophyllide
w16 , bin(s) 7.02 , white16 , like w1
w17 , bin(s) 7.01 , white17 , like w1
w18 , bin(s) 1.10 , white18 , like w1; pale green streaks in some backgrounds
w19 , bin(s) 3.09 , white19 , chromosomal segment (gene assumed); identified in plants carrying the a1-x1 deficiency, forming albino chimeras on loss of ring 3 carrying A1-b Sh2
ref: 577, 784.
wc1 , bin(s) 9.05 - 9.06 , white cap1 , dominant Wc1 kernels have pale yellow endosperm if Y1 (pearly white with y1); whiteness is emphasized in soft-starch crowns
wd1 , bin(s) 9.00 , white deficiency1 , white seedling, deficiency for distal half of first chromomere of short arm; does not complement pyd1, v28, yg2
wgs1 , bin(s) 5.05 - 5.09 , white green sectors1 , white seedling with green sectors
whp1 , bin(s) 2.08 - 2.09 , white pollen1 , duplicate factor with c2 for pollen color and for anthocyanins
wi1 , bin(s) 6.01 - 6.02 , wilted1 , chronic wilting, leaves not as cool as normal; delayed differentiation of metaxylem vessels
wi2 , bin(s) 3.00 - 3.09 , wilted2 , in dominant Wi2 plants, top leaves wilt under moisture/temperature stress
wi3 , wilted3 , Like wi2 but slightly yellowish green.
wi4 , bin(s) 5.02 - 5.06 , wilted4 , dominant Wi4 plants are chronically wilted .
wip1 , wound induced protein1 , wounding-induced transcript, cDNA clone (601bp) sequenced; homologous to Bowman-Birk proteinase inhibitors
wip2 , wound inducible protein2 , endosperm cDNA 5C05B11 (uaz293), similar to basic wound-induced bean protein
wlu1 , bin(s) 3.05 - 3.09 , white luteus1 , pale yellow seedling; lethal
wlu2 , bin(s) 7.02 - 7.06 , white luteus2 , like wlu1
wlu3 , bin(s) 8.04 - 8.09 , white luteus3 , like wlu1
wlu4 , bin(s) 9.03 - 9.08 , white luteus4 , like wlu1
wlu5 , bin(s) 1.07 , white luteus5 , like wlu1
wlv1 , bin(s) 2.05 , white leaf-virescent1 , pale green virescent seedling (was v*-N1860)
ref: 554, 579, 580.
wrk1 , bin(s) 3.04 , wrinkled kernel1 , dominant Wrk1 kernels small and wrinkled
wrp1 , bin(s) 2.04 - 2.05 , wrinkled plant1 , dominant Wrp1 plants dwarf, leaves and culm longitudinally corrugated; dosage effect
ws1 , white sheath1 , light yellow leaf sheaths; duplicate factor with ws2.
ws2 , white sheath2 , light yellow leaf sheaths; duplicate factor with ws1
ws3 , bin(s) 2.01 , white sheath3 , white leaf sheath, culm, husks
ws4 , bin(s) 1.05 , white sheath4 , dominant Ws4 seedlings and plants lighter green in sheaths
wsm1 , bin(s) 6.01 , wheat streak mosaic virus resistance1 , dominant Wsm1, major gene for resistance; may be allelic to Mdm1
wsm2 , bin(s) 3.05 , wheat streak mosaic virus resistance2 , dominant Wsm2 like Wsm1
wsm3 , bin(s) 10.05 , wheat streak mosaic virus resistance3 , partial resistance, semidominant; Wsm3 plants express delayed WSMV-induced symptoms of dispersed, isolated spots and rings
wsp , weak streaked plant , maternally inherited reduced plants
ref: 89, 199.
wt1 , bin(s) 2.04 , white tip1 , tip of first leaf white and blunt
wt2 , bin(s) 4.00 - 4.05 , white tip2 , seedling with white leaf tip and crossbands on first 2 leaves
wx1 , bin(s) 9.03 , waxy1 , amylopectin (stained red by iodine) replaces amylose (blue staining) in endosperm and pollen; extensive allelic series; application: highly branched starch has gelling properties, used for food gels, adhesives, and other industrial purposes; SSRs phi022,
wyg1 , bin(s) 7.03 , white yellow green seedling1 , whitish, light yellow-green seedling
xet1 , bin(s) 5.03 , xyloglucan endotransglycosylase homolog1 , cDNA clone (cultivar Berkeley Fast); continuous anaerobic accumulation of mRNA through 72 h
y1 , bin(s) 6.01 , white1 , reduced carotenoid pigments in endosperm; some alleles affect chlorophyll in seedlings (e.g. y1-8549, y1-pb)
y8 , bin(s) 7.01 , pale yellow8 , pale endosperm
y9 , bin(s) 10.03 - 10.04 , pale yellow9 , pale endosperm, slightly viviparous; green to pale green seedlings and plants
ref: 672, 675.
y10 , bin(s) 3.07 , pale yellow10 , pale endosperm; white seedling, lethal
y11 , pale yellow11 , pale endosperm; green seedling
yd2 , bin(s) 3.06 , yellow dwarf2 , yellow dwarf seedling, lethal
yg1 , bin(s) 5.07 , yellow-green1 , yellow-green seedling and plant
yg2 , bin(s) 9.00 , yellow-green2 , like yg1; complements pyd1 but not wd1
ypt1 , ypt homolog1 , cDNAs obtained by homology to GTP-binding domain of ras-protein family and mouse ypt protein
ypt2 , ypt homolog2 , cDNA obtained by homology to GTP-binding domain of ras-protein family and mouse ypt protein
ys1 , bin(s) 5.05 - 5.06 , yellow stripe1 , yellow tissue between leaf veins, reflects iron deficiency symptoms; defect in Fe-phytosiderophores
ys2 , bin(s) 1.00 - 1.05 , yellow stripe2 , yellow tissue between leaf veins
ys3 , bin(s) 3.05 , yellow stripe3 , yellow tissue between leaf veins, corrected by ferrous iron supplementation
ysk1 , bin(s) 4.04 , yellow streaked1 , dominant Ysk1 plants have longitudinal yellow streaks in top 3rd of mature leaves
ref: 556, 566.
z1c(zp22) , bin(s) 4.02 , zein cluster , 22 kDA alpha zein cluster defined by single Sal1 restriction fragment
zag1 , bin(s) 6.05 , Zea AGAMOUS homolog1 , amino acid sequence, deduced from cDNA to inflorescence mRNA, 61% identical to Arabidopsis floral homeotic gene protein AG1; expression strong in female inflorescence; possibly pt1
zag2 , bin(s) 3.04 - 3.05 , Zea AGAMOUS homolog2 , amino acid sequence, deduced from cDNA sequence, has 49% identity to Arabidopsis, floral homeotic gene product; expression restricted to female inflorescence; possibly ts4
zap1 , Zea apetala homolog1 , low copy number; leaf cDNA csu137 similar to Arabidopsis floral homeotic gene, ap1
zb1 , zebra crossbands1 , yellowish crossbands on older leaves
zb2 , zebra crossbands2 , crossbands on seedling leaves
zb3 , bin(s) 5.08 - 5.09 , zebra crossbands3 , yellowish crossbands on older leaves
ref: 178, 208.
zb4 , bin(s) 1.03 , zebra crossbands4 , regularly spaced crossbands on earlier leaves; enhanced by cool temperatures
zb6 , bin(s) 4.06 , zebra crossbands6 , regularly spaced crossbands on earlier leaves; enhanced by cool temperatures
zb7 , bin(s) 1.09 , zebra crossbands7 , lighter green crossbands on seedlings; may show glossy leaves
zb8 , bin(s) 9.01 - 9.02 , zebra crossbands8 , in dominant Zb8 plants, yellow-green crossbands on older leaves; strong anthocyanin expression in leaf tip and blade
ref: 556, 562.
zcef1 , Zea CEFD homolog1 , leaf cDNA csu188, similar to Streptomyces clavuligerus protein
zem1 , Zea endosperm MADS box1 , genomic clone; distinct leaf and endosperm transcripts attributed to alternative splicing; contains zag1-like MADS box
zim1 , Zea IM30 protein homolog1 , leaf cDNA csu159 similar to pea IM30 protein
zlfy1 , Zea leafy homolog1 , genomic sequence similar to Arabidopsis floral meristem determining locus, lfy1
zlp1 , zeamatin-like protein1 , cDNA selected with Arabidopsis thaumatin-like protein clone; antifungal; mRNA and protein highest in endosperm at 4 weeks; one band in Southerns, expressed in transgenic Arabidopsis and tomato; closely similar to alpha-amylase/trypsin inhibitor
zmh1 , Zea mouse H58 homolog1 , endosperm cDNA 5C06F05 similar to conserved vertebrate embryogenesis protein
zmm1 , Zea mays MADS1 , genomic sequence whose putative protein has 94% identity with that of zag2; this pair of MADS box genes, and zmm2 with zag1, may reflect duplications; expression restricted to female inflorescence
zmm2 , Zea mays MADS2 , cDNA similar to zag1 (Schmidt et al., 1993), and to AGAMOUS of Arabidopsis; zmm2 and zag1, like zmm1 and zag2, are possibly duplications phylogenetically; expression preferentially in the tassel
zmm3 , Zea mays MADS3 , identified by Northerns; expressed preferentially in male inflorescence
zmm6 , Zea mays MADS6 , identified by cDNA hybridization in situ; early expression in male and female inflorescences, differentially in one member of a spikelet-primordium pair
zmm7 , Zea mays MADS7 , identified by Northern analysis; expression female-specific, late onset
zmm8 , Zea mays MADS8 , identified by cDNA hybridization in situ; expression in undifferentiated floral meristem and becomes localized in stamen and gynoecium, palea and lemma of the upper flower of pairs
zms1 , Zea male sterile protein homolog1 , leaf cDNA 6C06C01, similar to Arabidopsis MS2
zn1 , bin(s) 10.04 , zebra necrotic1 , necrotic tissue appears between veins in transverse leaf bands on half-grown or older plants
zn2 , zebra necrotic2 , like zn1
znod1 , Zea nodulation homolog1 , leaf cDNA 6C06E02, similar to alfalfa early nodulation protein ENOD8
zp , zein polypeptide , designator for genes encoding zein
ref: 764, 765.
zp19/22cluster1 , alpha zein protein cluster1 , 56 kb cluster of five alpha-zein, subfamily 4 (SF4, aka: B49; 22A,22B,22C; z1C, with same transcriptional orientation; includes eight repetitive DNA's; only one zein sequence does not have an early, in-frame stop codon
zp19/22 , 19/22-kDa zein protein gene family , the major zein gene family, includes subfamilies A20, A30, B49, B59; also characterized as containing two molecular weight subfamilies 19 kDa and 22 kDa
zp27cluster , 27kDa zein protein cluster , tandem genes encoding 27k-Da zein, some lines have only one gene in this region
zp22(zA1) , bin(s) 4.09 - 4.11 , zein cluster zA1 , 22 kDa alpha zein cluster
zp19/22(pms2) , bin(s) 4.05 , alpha zein pms2 , genomic sequence pMS2, SSR phi096
ref: 642, 729.
zp15 , bin(s) 6.01 , zein protein, 15kDa15 , high methionine; genomic blot indicates one or two copies
zp22.1 , bin(s) 4.04 , zein protein 22.1 , cDNA pZ22.1, SSR phi074
ref: 469, 729.
zp27 , 27-kDa zein protein , proline rich; least abundant of zeins in endosperm, not clear if part of zp27 cluster
zpc326 , plasmacytoma 326 homolog , endosperm cDNA 5C03G07, similar to human H326 and to murine plasmacytoma protein, PC326
zpg1 , zebra-stripe pale green1 , chlorophyll modifications; heterozygote advantage; induced by EMS in Oh43
zpl1b , bin(s) 4.02 , zein protein 1b , zein protein characterized by electrophoretic mobility on isoelectric focusing gels
ref: 878, 879.
zpl1c , bin(s) 4.02 , zein protein 1c , zein protein characterized by electrophoretic mobility on isoelectric focusing gels
ref: 878, 879.
zpl1d , bin(s) 4.02 , zein protein 1d , zein protein characterized by electrophoretic mobility on isoelectric focusing gels
ref: 878, 879.
zpl1f , bin(s) 4.02 , zein protein 1f , zein protein characterized by electrophoretic mobility on isoelectric focusing gels
ref: 878, 879.
zpl2b , bin(s) 7.02 , zein polypeptidesL2b , zein protein characterized by electrophoretic mobility on isoelectric focusing gels
ref: 878, 879.
zpl1a , bin(s) 4.01 - 4.02 , zein protein 1a , zein protein characterized by electrophoretic mobility on isoelectric focusing gels
ref: 878, 879.
zpl1e , bin(s) 4.01 - 4.02 , zein protein 1e , zein protein characterized by electrophoretic mobility on isoelectric focusing gels
ref: 878, 879.
zpl2a , bin(s) 4.04 - 4.05 , zein polypeptidesL2a , zein protein characterized by electrophoretic mobility on isoelectric focusing gels. Maps near orp1
ref: 878, 879.
zpl3a , bin(s) 4.04 - 4.05 , zein polypeptidesL3a , zein protein characterized by electrophoretic mobility on isoelectric focusing gels
ref: 878, 879.
zpl1 , bin(s) 4.01 - 4.02 , zein polypeptidesL1 , Zp1La - Zp1Lf complex
ref: 878, 879.
zqm1 , Zea QM1 homolog1 , cDNA sequence homologous to human tumor suppressor QM1 protein
zrp2 , Zea root protein2 , cDNA expressed in roots and stems
zrp3 , Zea root protein3 , cDNA expressed only in roots, within a distinct subset of cortical cells, the inner three to four cell layers, most strongly in the tip and 1 cm back
zrp4 , bin(s) 4.00 - 4.11 , Zea root preferential4 , cDNA, 1.4kb, preferentially accumulates in roots of young plants
zta1 , Zea TAT binding protein1 , endosperm cDNA 5C01A07, similar to TAT binding protein
ref: 310. *** END OF QUERY RESULTS ***